International Peace Diplomacy Corps, Inc.

                                                              

A Culture of Peace is a Peaceful World

OBSERVANCES

The Observances of the International Peace Diplomacy Corps, Inc. are anchored to the observances of the United Nations Organization in promoting and preserving the value of the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression, International Peace Day, and the United Nations Day.


The International Peace Diplomacy Corps, Inc. adopted the designated international days, special observances of the United Nations in proliferating international awareness on these contentious issues.


INTERNATIONAL DAY OF INNOCENT CHILDREN VICTIMS OF AGGRESSION

It is a sad reality that in situations where armed conflict breaks out, it is the most vulnerable members of societies – namely children, who are most affected by the consequences of war. The six most common violations are recruitment and use of children in war, killing, sexual violence, abduction, attacks on schools and hospitals, and denial of humanitarian access.


On 19 August 1982, at its emergency special session on the question of Palestine, the General Assembly, “appalled at the great number of innocent Palestinian and Lebanese children victims of Israel’s acts of aggression”, decided to commemorate 4 June of each year as the International Day of Innocent Children Victims of Aggression (resolution ES-7/8).


The purpose of the day is to acknowledge the pain suffered by children throughout the world who are the victims of physical, mental and emotional abuse. This day affirms the UN's commitment to protect the rights of children.

Background


Twenty years ago, The General Assembly adopted the 51/77 Resolution on the Rights of the Child. It was a landmark development in efforts to improve the protection of children in conflict situations.


Following the groundbreaking report of Graça Machel which drew global attention to the devastating impact of armed conflict on children, Resolution 51/77 signalled the start of a new consensus among Member States, on the need for dedicated attention, advocacy and coordinated effort, by the international community, to address the particular vulnerabilities and violations faced by children in conflict-related situations.


Resolution 51/77 built on existing General Assembly efforts to protect the rights of children, including through the Convention on the Rights of the Child and its Optional Protocol, and the annual Rights of the Child resolutions. And it established the mandate of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict.


In recent years, the number of violations perpetrated against children have, in many conflict zones, increased. More needs to be done to protect the 250 million children living in countries and areas affected by conflict. More must be done to protect children from targeting by violent extremists, to promote international humanitarian and human rights law, and to ensure accountability for violations of the rights of children.


The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development provides us with the universal masterplan to secure better future for children.





Reference

http://www.un.org/en/events/childvictimday/index.shtml